A process for making a phosphorus-containing compound is disclosed. The process comprises contacting a compound of formula (A) wherein RA and RB are selected from optionally substituted aryl, aryloxy, alkyl and alkoxy groups or can be combined to form cyclic structures; and RC is methyl, ethyl, isopropyl, n-butyl, i-butyl, t-butyl, phenyl or benzyl; and a compound of formula (B) wherein R1-R4 are selected from optionally substituted aryl, aryloxy, alkyl and alkoxy groups. The phosphorus-containing compound can then be used as a flame retardants for polymers, especially for epoxy, polyurethane, thermosetting resins and thermoplastic polymers. Such flame retardant-containing polymers can be used to make protective coating formulations and ignition-resistant fabricated articles, such as electrical laminates, polyurethane foams, and various molded and/or foamed thermoplastic products.
A composition comprising: a) an epoxy resin; b) a hardener; and c) a stabilizer comprising a metal containing compound, the metal-containing compound comprising a metal selected from the group consisting of Group 11-13 metals and combinations thereof, wherein the composition is prepared from a halogen containing compound is disclosed.
The present invention is a flame-retardant polyurethane composition comprising (a) a thermoplastic polyurethane-based resin component, (b) a phosphorus flame retardant particulate filler, and (c) a low melting temperature phosphorus flame retardant agent.
The invention provides a polyolefin composition comprising: A) a propylene-based polymer having a flex modulus of greater than 1500 MPa and an HDT of greater than 100° C.; B) an ethylene/α-olefin interpolymer having Tg of less than −30° C., a tan delta, measured at 0.1 radians/s at 190° C., of less than 3, an HDT that is greater than, or equal to, the peak melting temperature of the ethylene/α-olefin interpolymer, measured by differential scanning calorimetry; and C) a fiber filler; and D) a nitrogen source and/or a phosphorus source, wherein at least one source is derived from at least one organic compound, or salt thereof; and wherein the weight ratio of the propylene-based polmer:ethylene/α-olefin interpolymer (A:B) is from 9:1 to 6:4.
Certain brominated polymers compounds are effective FR additives for combustible organic polymers. These FR additives include: i) a copolymer having styrene and 2,3-dibromopropylmaleimide repeating units; ii) a brominated polyester having aliphatically bound bromine; iii) an allyl ether of a ring-brominated novolac resin; iv) a 3-bromo-2-hydroxypropyl ether of a novolac resin; v) a 2,3-dibromopropyl ether of a cresol novolac resin; and vi) a brominated ROMP polymer or copolymer.
A thermally stable brominated butadiene copolymer, such as brominated styrene/butadiene block copolymer, brominated random styrene/butadiene copolymer or brominated styrene/butadiene graft copolymer, preparation of the brominated butadiene copolymers, use of the brominated butadiene copolymers as a flame Page5 retardant additive and polymeric compositions, both foamed and non-foamed, that incorporate a flame retarding amount of brominated butadiene copolymer.
Embodiments of the present disclosure include a curable composition including an epoxy compound selected from the group consisting of aromatic epoxy compounds, alicyclic epoxy compounds, aliphatic epoxy compounds, and combinations thereof, a curing agent selected from the group consisting of novolacs, amines, anhydrides, carboxylic acids, phenols, thiols, and combinations thereof, and a phosphono-methylglycine.
Expanded styrenic polymers contain 1 to 20% by weight of one or more aromatic polyphosphonate compounds corresponding to the following structure I: wherein a and b are each from 0 to 6, with a+b being from 2 to 6, each R is independently hydrogen, unsubstituted or inertly substituted alkyl having up to 6 carbon atoms, —NO2, —NR1 2, —C≡N, —OR1, —C(O)OR1, or —C(O)NR1 2 (wherein R1 is hydrocarbyl or hydrogen), each R2 is independently hydrogen, alkyl or inertly substituted alkyl, each R3 is a covalent bond or a divalent linking group, and each R4 is independently an alkyl, aryl, inertly substituted alkyl or inertly substituted aryl group. The aromatic polyphosphonate compounds are effective FR additives for the expanded polymers.
Phosphorus-containing compounds of formula (I): (I) wherein m, n, R, R1 and R2 are as set forth in the claims. The compounds of formula (I) can be used to provide polymers with flame retardant properties.
Compositions comprising: A) a crystalline isotactic propylene homopolymer having a flex modulus of greater than 1930 MPa and an HDT of greater than 100° C.; B) an ethylene/α-olefin interpolymer having Tg of less than −30° C., a tan delta measured at 0.1 radians/s at 190° C. of less than 2, an HDT that is greater than, or equal to, the peak melting temperature of the ethylene/α-olefin interpolymer, measured by differential scanning calorimetry, and C) a platy filler, and D) a nitrogen source and a phosphorus source, where at least one source is derived from at least one organic compound, or salt thereof, and wherein the weight ratio of homopolymer:interpolymer (A:B) is between 9:1 and 6:4. The invention provides other compositions, articles formed from compositions, and methods of making the same.
N,N′-piperazinebis(neopentylglycol)phosphoramidate is used in combination with at least one co-additive which is (i) melamine, (ii) one or more melamine compounds or derivatives, or (iii) both of (i) and (ii) to provide effective flame retardancy in thermoplastic polymers. With polymers that tend to release trace amounts of acid under thermal processing conditions, a hydrotalcite is preferably included in the composition. In acid-sensitive polymers such as polyesters, the N,N′-piperazinebis(neopentylglycol)phosphoramidate should be free or essentially free of acid species as determinable by use of nmr, mass spec, and/or HPLC.
Halogen-free flame retardant polymer compositions are made from an ABS resin as the sole resin, and a P, P'-dihydrocarbyl pentaerythrityl diphosphonate in which the total number of carbon atoms in the two hydrocarbyl substituents is 8 or less as the sole phosphorus-containing flame retardant, or form at least one thermoplastic polymer and a combination of at least one of the foregoing P, P'-dihydrocarbyl pentaerythrityl disphosphonates, and at least one arylbis (dihydrocarbylphosphate) and/or at least one arylbis (dihydrocarbylphosphinate). Effective flame retardancy (UL-94 V-0) is achieved without material disruption of physical property requirements of the substrate polymer.